Johann Joseph Fux (1616-1741): Missa confidentiae
Johann Joseph Fux was already 55 years old when he was appointed Court Kapellmeister in Vienna. He was to hold this office for a quarter of a century, one of the most important positions for a musician of that time in the Holy Roman Empire and beyond. Fux influenced countless composers as a theoretician and pedagogue, not least through his theoretical text "Gradus ad parnassum". But his main task was to create music. From as early as 1698 he was responsible as court composer for virtually all secular and church music needs and thus for the musical representation of the court.
In his "Missa Confidentiae", composed before 1720, Fux artfully contrasts different compositional techniques: in the Kyrie a fugue with augmentation (in which the theme also appears in an enlarged form), the Amen fugue of the Gloria is laid out as a double fugue, and in between one finds finely worked aria-like solo sections with concertante instruments as well as homophonic passages. The orchestration is rather small, the extent compact, as befits the type of mass that was not intended for special holidays.
The addition of "Confidentiae" (confidence/trust in God) in the title of the mass cannot be assigned to an ecclesiastical feast, nor to the musical content of the mass. However, the various virtues played an important role in the self-image or depiction of the rulers. Fux also wrote a "Missa Fortitudinis" (bravery), "Missa Humilitatis" (humility) and "Missa Constantiae" (steadfastness), which probably reflects the excellent education that Fux, born as a farmer's son in Hirtenfeld near Graz, received at the Jesuit universities in Graz and Ingolstadt.
Dr.in Maria Helfgott
Translation: Godwin Gundacker using www.deepl.com
Conductor: Oliver Stech
Organist: Wolfgang Kogert
Choir: Vienna Boys Choir, Vienna State Opera men's choir, "Choralschola der Wiener Hofburgkapelle"
Orchestra: Members of the Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
Celebrant: Peter Schipka
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